Regulatory Collaboration on Innovation in South Africa: The Whole is Greater Than the Sum of its Parts

During 2016, the SARB became increasingly involved in working groups with international standard-setting bodies focused on fintech innovation, which prompted reflection on the potential implications for South Africa, the region and the continent. The…

The Pay Off: How Changing The Way We Pay Changes Everything

When we set out to write The Pay Off, How Changing the Way We Pay Changes Everything, we aimed to write a textbook – in part because much of the money storming the payments industry seemed ill informed about how money actually ‘moves.’ But before long…

Instant Payments for the Maldives: The Maldives Payment System Development Project

To capitalize on the technological developments in the global payments arena and the country’s strong telecommunication infrastructure, the MMA identified the need for a sound and inclusive, digitally enhanced network that will address the obstacles in…

CBDCs and Experimental Exploration

Like any other disruptive innovation, when a newly emerging phenomenon is addressed, the recommended approach is an experimental exploration. Central banks worldwide are now engaging in this process, as experts have yet to determine the specific steps…

Visa - Pyramids, Partnerships, and Choice: In Praise of an Open Payments Ecosystem

Visa Economic Empowerment Institute (VEEI) research found that small businesses which were digitally enabled and connected to global and regional marketplaces fared better during the pandemic than firms that were not; these digitally enabled and connected…

Will CBDCs Disrupt the Financial Sector?

Central bankers worldwide fear that a CBDC introduction could lead to destabilizing effects in the financial sector. In this article, we discuss why this so-called disintermediation is indeed a threat and provide a simulation to quantify these effects…

Bank of Canada: Towards a Digital Canadian Dollar - If, How, When

While we do not see a need now to issue a CBDC, we are preparing for a day when the Government of Canada may give us the green light to launch a viable CBDC that Canadians could use with confidence. Our research on policy and design has shifted accordingly,…

Colombia: New Regulation for the Low Value Payment System

Based on the experience and regulations of other countries, such as the United Kingdom, Singapore, and Brazil, Decree 1692 of 2020 sets a new architecture for the low value payment system in Colombia. It adds objectives and principles for the operation…

Global Payments Summit: Toward Digital Sovereignty of European Retail Payments

The latest edition of the Europe Global Payments Summit, hosted online by Currency Research on 30 March, featured a high-profile panel on retail payments in Europe, bringing together a public and a private sector initiative ”with aligning views” on how…

Bangladesh: Payment Systems Development

The financial landscape of Bangladesh has been rapidly transforming, driven by deeper forces: i) the adoption of financial technology led by the omnipresence of the internet and availability of power; ii) opportunities created by the demographic dividend…